new

New \New\ (n[=u]), a. [Compar. {Newer} (n[=u]"[~e]r); superl. {Newest}.] [OE. OE. newe, AS. niwe, neowe; akin to D. nieuw, OS. niwi, OHG. niuwi, G. neu, Icel. n[=y]r, Dan. & Sw. ny, Goth. niujis, Lith. naujas, Russ. novuii, Ir. nua, nuadh, Gael. nuadh, W. newydd, Armor. nevez, L. novus, Gr. ne`os, Skr. nava, and prob. to E. now. [root]263. See {Now}, and cf. {Announce}, {Innovate}, {Neophyte}, {Novel}.] 1. Having existed, or having been made, but a short time; having originated or occured lately; having recently come into existence, or into one's possession; not early or long in being; of late origin; recent; fresh; modern; -- opposed to {old}, as, a new coat; a new house; a new book; a new fashion. ``Your new wife.'' --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 2. Not before seen or known, although existing before; lately manifested; recently discovered; as, a new metal; a new planet; new scenes. [1913 Webster] 3. Newly beginning or recurring; starting anew; now commencing; different from what has been; as, a new year; a new course or direction. [1913 Webster] 4. As if lately begun or made; having the state or quality of original freshness; also, changed for the better; renovated; unworn; untried; unspent; as, rest and travel made him a new man. [1913 Webster] Steadfasty purposing to lead a new life. --Bk. of Com. Prayer. [1913 Webster] Men after long emaciating diets, fat, and almost new. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] 5. Not of ancient extraction, or of a family of ancient descent; not previously known or famous. --Addison. [1913 Webster] 6. Not habituated; not familiar; unaccustomed. [1913 Webster] New to the plow, unpracticed in the trace. --Pope. [1913 Webster] 7. Fresh from anything; newly come. [1913 Webster] New from her sickness to that northern air. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] {New birth}. See under {Birth}. {New Church}, or {New Jerusalem Church}, the church holding the doctrines taught by Emanuel Swedenborg. See {Swedenborgian}. {New heart} (Theol.), a heart or character changed by the power of God, so as to be governed by new and holy motives. {New land}, land cleared and cultivated for the first time. {New light}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Crappie}. {New moon}. (a) The moon in its first quarter, or when it first appears after being invisible. (b) The day when the new moon is first seen; the first day of the lunar month, which was a holy day among the Jews. --2 Kings iv. 23. {New Red Sandstone} (Geol.), an old name for the formation immediately above the coal measures or strata, now divided into the Permian and Trias. See {Sandstone}. {New style}. See {Style}. {New testament}. See under {Testament}. {New world}, the land of the Western Hemisphere; -- so called because not known to the inhabitants of the Eastern Hemisphere until recent times. [1913 Webster] Syn: Novel; recent; fresh; modern. See {Novel}. [1913 Webster]